Confiabilidad y validez de la Escala de Insomnio de Atenas en personas recuperadas de la COVID-19

Reliability and validity of the Athens Insomnia Scale among Colombian People Recovered from COVID-19

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Resumen

Introducción: La Escala de Insomnio de Atenas (EIA) es una herramienta con alta confiabilidad y validez para identificar casos de insomnio. Sin embargo, se desconoce el desempeño de la EIA en personas recuperadas de COVID-19. Objetivo: El estudio tuvo como objetivo probar la confiabilidad y validez de la EIA en una muestra colombiana de personas recuperadas de la COVID-19.


Material y Métodos: Trescientos treinta personas recuperadas de la COVID-19 completaron la EIA. Los participantes tenían entre 18 y 89 años (M = 47,7, ± 15,2) y el 61,5% eran mujeres. Se calcularon los análisis factoriales confirmatorios y el alfa de Cronbach.


Resultados: La EIA mostró aceptable estructura bidimensional. La primera dimensión (ítems 1 a 5, ‘problema de sueño nocturno’) presentó un alfa de Cronbach de 0,90, y la segunda dimensión (ítems 6 a 8, ‘disfunción diurna’) de 0,79.


Discusión y Conclusiones: La EIA presenta una estructura bidimensional, cada dimensión con alta consistencia interna, entre una muestra colombiana de personas recuperadas de la COVID-19. La EIA se puede utilizar para identificar casos de insomnio en personas recuperadas de COVID-19.

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