Lesión pulmonar asociada al uso de cigarrillos electrónicos o productos de vapeo (EVALI): a propósito de un caso relacionado a neumonía eosinofílica aguda

Lung injury associated with the use of electronic cigarettes or vaping products (EVALI): Apropos of a case related to acute eosinophilic pneumonia

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Clara Patricia Garcia Calderon
Yerlin Andres Colina-Vargas
Julio César Forero-Forero

Resumen

La lesión pulmonar asociada al uso de cigarrillos electrónicos o vapeo (EVALI) es una enfermedad respiratoria aguda o subaguda que puede ser grave y potencialmente mortal. Vapear es el proceso de inhalar un aerosol creado al calentar una sustancia como la nicotina o el tetrahidrocannabinol (THC) con un dispositivo electrónico que funciona con baterías, como un cigarrillo electrónico. En el mundo se han descrito más de 2.000 casos, 2/3 hombres, entre los 13 y 75 años. A continuación, presentamos un caso de una paciente de 15 años, con antecedente de consumo de cigarrillo y cannabis vapeado, quien es llevada por sus padres a una institución de alta complejidad por un cuadro respiratorio agudo grave, descartando inicialmente infección por SARS-CoV-2, en quien finalmente se confirma una EVALI manifestada histológicamente como neumonía eosinofílica aguda.

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Referencias (VER)

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