Dispositivos de inhalación para asma y EPOC: una revisión de la literatura

Inhalation devices for asthma and COPD: A review of the literature

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Marian Rincon-Montaña
Diego Rosselli


Las investigaciones recientes se han concentrado en el desarrollo de nuevos dispositivos de inhalación. La innovación ha mejorado los inhaladores de dosis medida, polvo seco o res- piración controlada y los nebulizadores. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión narrativa de la literatura acerca de los diferentes dispositivos de inhalación que se encuen- tran disponibles en el mercado y su asociación con los desenlaces para asma y EPOC. Las principales preocupaciones han sido facilitar la administración del medicamento al paciente favoreciendo la farmacocinética, seguridad, preferencia del paciente, cumplimiento de la medicación, calidad de vida y costos. La adherencia a la medicación tiene una asociación po- sitiva con la preferencia del paciente y la facilidad de uso del dispositivo que administra los medicamentos para el control de la enfermedad. Una buena adherencia a los medicamentos puede reducir los episodios de exacerbación, mejorar la calidad de vida y reducir los costos de las enfermedades respiratorias.

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