Enfoque inicial del paciente con hemorragia alveolar difusa sin vasculitis pulmonar

Azucena Martínez Caballero, Andrea Córdoba Guzmán, Robin Alonso Rada Escobar, MD.

Resumen


La hemorragia alveolar difusa es una emergencia médica de instauración aguda, cuya aparición es secundaria a procesos fi siopatológicos dentro de la historia natural de un grupo de enfermedades que pueden cursar o no con vasculitis pulmonar. Tanto su reconocimiento como su diagnóstico oportunos permitirán establecer un tratamiento agresivo inmediato, evitar posibles complicaciones e incluso disminuir la alta tasa de mortalidad que engloba esta patología en la actualidad. En esta revisión se realiza un enfoque de cada una de las enfermedades asociadas a la hemorragia alveolar difusa sin vasculitis pulmonar, con especial énfasis en la fisiopatología.

Palabras clave


hemorragia alveolar difusa; hemosiderosis pulmonar idiopática; síndrome de Goodpasture; penicilamina; estenosis mitral; enfermedad veno-oclusiva; linfangioleiomiomatosis/esclerosis tuberosa

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30789/rcneumologia.v23.n4.2011.229

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