Entrenamiento de los miembros superiores en rehabilitación pulmonar. Una revisión de la evidencia

Vilma Rocío Gómez Prada, FT.

Resumen


La rehabilitación pulmonar es una intervención que tiene como objetivo disminuir síntomas, mejorar la tolerancia al ejercicio e incrementar la participación en las actividades cotidianas de los individuos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas. El entrenamiento físico, que constituye la parte fundamental de los programas de rehabilitación pulmonar, está orientado a ejercitar tanto los músculos que participan en la ambulación como los músculos de los miembros superiores que se utilizan para realizar la mayoría de las actividades de la vida diaria. Se recomienda que el entrenamiento de los músculos de los miembros superiores se incluya en todos los programas de rehabilitación pulmonar. En este artículo se hace una revisión de la evidencia disponible acerca de las causas que limitan la capacidad para el ejercicio de los miembros superiores en personas con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas, así como de la utilidad de entrenar los músculos de estos miembros, sus efectos y algunas consideraciones para la aplicación de este entrenamiento en la práctica clínica cotidiana.

Palabras clave


miembros superiores; entrenamiento físico; ejercicio; rehabilitación

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30789/rcneumologia.v23.n3.2011.211

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