Broncoscopia intervencionista terapéutica en pediatría

Oscar Barón Puentes, MD.

Resumen


Gracias al desarrollo de equipos adecuados para la realización de estudios broncoscópicos en niños este procedimiento se ha ido posicionando como un estudio común y esencial en el manejo de diversas patologías respiratorias en pediatría. La broncoscopia ha demostrado ser útil en la remoción de cuerpos extraños impactados, la aspiración guiada de tapones de moco y coágulos retenidos en los bronquios, la asistencia en intubaciones difíciles, en dilataciones de estenosis de tráquea o bronquios congénitas o adquiridas, en ablación de lesiones de la mucosa, aspiración transtraqueal con aguja fina de quistes y nódulos, lavado pulmonar ante sospecha de infección, cierre de fístulas broncopleurales y en diversas aplicaciones perioperatorias como intubaciones selectivas y cierre de fístulas traqueoesofágicas. Es necesaria la creación de más centros especializados en Colombia que cuenten con tecnología de punta y personal capacitado para cambiar el pronóstico de muchos problemas respiratorios serios en la población pediátrica.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30789/rcneumologia.v27.n1.2015.18

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